The physiological effects of glucagon-like peptide-1 (glp-1) are of immense interest because of the potential clinical relevance of this peptide. produced in intestinal l-cells through posttranslational processing of the proglucagon gene, glp-1 is released from the gut in response to nutrient ingestion. peripherally, glp-1 is known to affect gut motility, inhibit gastric acid secretion, and.
A blood sample will be taken after an overnight fast. a fasting blood sugar level less than 100 mg/dl (5.6 mmol/l) is normal. a fasting blood sugar level from 100 to 125 mg/dl (5.6 to 6.9 mmol/l) is considered prediabetes. if it’s 126 mg/dl (7 mmol/l) or higher on two separate tests, you have diabetes. oral glucose tolerance test..
The western diet is characterized by a high intake of saturated and omega-6 fatty acids, reduced omega-3 fat intake, an overuse of salt, and too much refined sugar .most are aware that this type of eating, if not in moderation, can damage the heart, kidneys, and waistlines; however, it is becoming increasingly clear that the modern diet also damages the immune system..