Glycated hemoglobin (glycohemoglobin, hba1c, hemoglobin a1c, a1c, or less commonly hba 1c, hgba1c, hb1c, etc.) is a form of hemoglobin (hb) that is chemically linked to a sugar. most monosaccharides, including glucose, galactose and fructose, spontaneously (i.e. non-enzymatically) bond with hemoglobin, when present in the bloodstream of humans.however, glucose is less likely to do so than.
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ace) is an enzyme that helps regulate blood pressure. an increased blood level of ace is sometimes found in sarcoidosis, a systemic disorder of unknown cause that often affects the lungs but may also affect many other body organs, including the eyes, skin, nerves, liver, and heart., this test measures the amount of ace in the blood..
Cyclic citrullinated peptide antibodies are autoantibodies produced by the immune system that are directed against cyclic citrullinated peptides (ccp). this test detects and measures anti-ccp antibodies in the blood. citrulline is naturally produced in the body as part of the metabolism of the amino acid arginine. however, in joints with rheumatoid arthritis (ra), this conversion may occur at.